Regulatory Compliance

Furniture Stability

ASTM International, a global leader in the development of international voluntary consensus standards, adopted the first furniture stability standard in 2000. It was updated in 2004, 2009, 2014, 2017 and again in 2019.

 ASTM F2057-19, Standard Safety Specification for Clothing Storage Units, is intended to reduce injury and death from accidents involving clothing storage units. Specifically, it covers drawer chests, cabinets, armoires, dressers and bureaus 27 inches high or taller. The F2057-19 standard and the companion F3096-14 standard for tip restraints are available for purchase from ASTM.

 Furniture manufactured in compliance with this stability standard must meet three (3) specific criteria: 

 1) It passes TWO stability tests. The first test requires that the clothing storage unit not tip when all doors (if any) are opened 90 degrees and all drawers are opened to the “stop,” or, if there is no “stop,” they must be opened two-thirds of the way. The second test requires that the piece not tip when each drawer is opened individually to the “stop,” and a 50-pound weight is applied to the front of the drawer. For doors, the weight is applied to outer edge of the door.

ASTMTip-OverWarningLabel2019

2) The piece must have a permanent warning label. The label must be attached where it can be seen when the piece is in use. (Most manufacturers choose the inside of a top drawer.) Bedroom furniture that is designed to hold a television – typically called a “media chest” – requires a separate warning label. (See RESOURCES below for downloadable labels.) For exclusive AHFA guidance on media chest warning labels, please click on Label Guidance for Media Chests in the Member Toolbox to the right.

 3) Tip-over restraints must be included with each item of furniture. These must meet the requirements of the tip restraint standard (F3096-14). Instructions for installing the restraints also must be included.

The ASTM Subcommittee on Furniture Safety (F15.42) has jurisdiction over this and three other active safety standards for furniture. These include the standard for furniture tip restraints, a standard for horizontal glass used in desks and tables, and a standard for cedar chests.

AHFA urges all manufacturers to comply with the ASTM F2057-19 voluntary stability standard for clothing storage furniture.

In February 2019, the CPSC advised the industry that clothing storage units failing to comply with ASTM F2057 would be regarded by CPSC “as having a defect which could present a substantial product hazard.” Under Section 15(b) of the Consumer Product Safety Act, manufacturers, importers and retailers who fail to report such noncompliant products can face both civil and criminal penalties.

To help retailers easily identify showrooms carrying bedroom furniture that complies with ASTM F2057-19, AHFA created a “WE COMPLY” tent card in March of 2017 for display in market showrooms.

Click HERE to order updated “WE COMPLY” tent cards to display in your showroom during High Point and/or Las Vegas furniture markets.

To further assist residential furniture manufacturers in their stability standard compliance efforts and to help consumers easily identify compliant products, AHFA worked with UL to introduce the Stability Verified program in 2019. 

Online and in stores, the UL Stability Verified Mark means a piece of furniture meets stability requirements within the current voluntary standard.

The UL Stability Verified program provides a scientific, third-party confirmation that a company has the equipment, personnel and procedures in place to accurately conduct stability testing. In addition, UL reviews the company’s product test data and establishes that its furniture is eligible to carry the Product Stability Verified mark.  UL repeats stability testing on sample units at the factory to confirm ongoing compliance.

Consumers can search the UL Verify website by manufacturer name or by the manufacturer’s identification number to confirm that a product meets the stability requirements of the safety standard.  For more information on Stability Verified, contact Michael O’Hara.

PROPOSED MANDATORY STANDARD

For several years, efforts have been underway to develop a mandatory stability standard for clothing storage furniture. AHFA supports this work to ensure that all manufacturers are held to the same rigorous safety requirements for furniture stability. AHFA staff is actively engaged with ASTM, legislators, regulators and all interested stakeholders to ensure a standard that provides meaningful safety measures for the greatest number of American consumers. Current efforts include:

STURDY. The Stop Tip-overs of Unstable, Risky Dressers on Youth Act passed the U.S. House in June 2021, and an amended version passed the Senate by unanimous consent in October 2022. The amended version directs the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) to adopt the ASTM voluntary standard as a mandatory rule if it meets the requirements of STURDY. Currently, there are revisions to ASTM F2057 would satisfy that requirement. These revisions will be cleared for publication as soon as STURDY passes.

Possible OutcomeAHFA remains optimistic STURDY will pass before the end of 2022.

CPSC Rulemaking. Meanwhile, the CPSC has published its Safety Standard for Clothing Storage Units.  All requirements within the rule take effect in May 2023. This 600-plus-page rule outlines a dramatically different approach to stability testing. It institutes a stability rating system based on a complex set of calculations that determine a unit’s “tip-over moment”. The stability rating is then displayed on a required 5x7-inch hangtag on all covered units.

The CPSC standard applies to all freestanding chests, dressers, armoires and bureaus but is not limited to furniture that is marketed for “clothing storage.” Any furniture that is 27 inches or more in height and meets the rule’s storage and weight criteria falls within the scope of the standard.

On December 5, 2022, AHFA filed a petition for judicial review of the standard, seeking to have it vacated. The Mississippi Manufacturers Association and Mississippi Economic Council were co-petitioners.

Possible OutcomeAHFA supports a mandatory furniture stability standard to reduce the number of injuries and deaths associated with furniture tipping over on young children. However, the Alliance maintains that the complexity of the performance testing requirements in the CPSC standard will make it unenforceable. AHFA also has outlined costs that are not reflected in the rule’s cost/benefit analysis. The impact of the additional costs will make new, compliant furniture cost-prohibitive for many American families. Finally, the new “stability rating” in the standard is designed to help consumers distinguish “more stable” furniture from “less stable.” AHFA maintains that stability testing should provide consumers with an assurance of compliance, rather than a sliding scale of “more” or “less” stable.

AHFA seeks to have the court vacate the CPSC rule. In the meantime, AHFA has invited CPSC to participate in a workshop to help member companies understand the nuances of the rule’s performance requirements. A date for this workshop will be set as soon as CPSC officials respond.

Additional furniture stability resources are provided below.

 


 

Printers for F2057 Warning Labels:


B. Walter & Company
Contact: Paul Goyette
pgoyette@bwalter.com

Ward/Kraft, Inc.
Contact: Ray Russell
rrussell@wardkraft.com

Wright Global Graphics Solutions
Contact: Kim Cobb
kimc@wrightglobalgraphics.com

 

Tip Restraints:


B. Walter & Company
Contact: Paul Goyette
pgoyette@bwalter.com

Hangman Products
Contact: Sheila Gallien
sheila@hangmanproducts.com

Innotec
Contact: Mark R. Smith
mark.smith@innotecgroup.com

 

Research:

Product Instability or Tip-Over Injuries and Fatalities Associated with Televisions, Furniture and Appliances
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
2020 Report

Understanding CPSC Data on Clothes Storage Unit (CSU) Tip-Overs Involving Children
Adam Suchy, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
October 24, 2018

Product Instability or Tip-Over Injuries and Fatalities Associated with Televisions, Furniture and Appliances
October 2018

Advanced Notice of Rulemaking Regarding Clothing Storage Unit Tip Overs
November 21, 2017

In-Depth Analysis of Nonfatal Injuries from TVs Falling Off Furniture
March 2017

 


 

Help For Consumers:

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission has launched an “Anchor It!” campaign to educate parents and child caregivers about simple steps they can take to help prevent possible television and furniture tip-over accidents.