Product and Technical Standards
AHFA is the residential furniture industry’s recognized leader in the development and maintenance of product and technical standards related to comfort, safety and durability. Working through ASTM International (formerly known as the American Society for Testing and Materials), and other standards-setting organizations, AHFA helps advance test methods, product specifications and industry practices that improve product durability, enhance product safety and help build consumer confidence in our industry’s products.
AHFA member companies have access to a complete Construction and Safety Standards Index below. Additional standards developed by AHFA also are highlighted on this page.
This index of furniture construction, safety and health standards and specifications is organized by product category. Although extensive and updated regularly, the referenced standards and specifications are not represented as being exhaustive, the most recently issued or legally binding.
Go to the Standards Index
The Bar Code Standard was developed through the work of AHFA’s Bar Code Task Group and published in 1994. You do not have to be an AHFA member to view the 36-page standard.
Go to the Bar Code Standard
This voluntary ASTM safety specification (F1427-13) establishes minimum requirements for the design and performance of bunk beds. It also contains requirements for labeling and instructional information.
Go to the Bunk Bed Standard
This voluntary ASTM safety specification (F 2057-09b) is intended to reduce injury and death from accidents involving the tip over of clothing storage units. Specifically, it covers chests, drawer chests, chests of drawers, dressers and bureaus. The procedures for stability testing of the drawer are presented in detail. An AHFA staff person chairs the ASTM furniture safety subcommittee that developed this standard and works to keep it up to date. A revision clarifying the term “operational sliding length” in the testing procedure was published in 2014, along with a new companion standard for tip restraints.
Go to the Tip-Over Standard
In the mid-1990s, the upholstery industry asked AHFA to develop standards and guidelines for upholstery leathers. A leather technical committee was formed, and this group subsequently published standards and guidelines. The committee on leather operates by consensus of the members participating and includes representatives from upholstery manufacturers, leather tanners, leather testing facilities, leather service companies and leather care and cleaning industries.
Go to the Leather Standard
Published in 1994, the Joint Industry Foam Standards and Guideline is an 82-page document covering all types of foam used in upholstery construction.
Go to the Polyurethane Foam Standard
This single-page document details the construction standard and safety language for recliner mechanisms.
Go to Recliner Chair Guidelines
The Joint Industry Fabric Standards and Guidelines Committee was formed in the mid-1970s to develop standards for woven and knit upholstery fabrics. This 45-page document is the third update to the original standard. Through continuing reviews and refinements, the committee strives to keep test methods and performance criteria updated to reflect field performance of fabrics.
Go to the Fabric Standards & Guideline