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ASTM International, a global leader in the development of international voluntary consensus standards, adopted the first furniture stability standard in 2000. It was updated in 2004, 2009 and again in 2014.
ASTM F2057-14, Standard Safety Specification for Clothing Storage Units, is intended to reduce injury and death from accidents involving clothing storage units. Specifically, it covers chests, drawer chests, chests of drawers, dressers and bureaus over 30 inches in height. The procedures for stability testing of the units is presented in detail within the standard, available for purchase from ASTM.
Furniture manufactured in compliance with the standard meets three specific criteria:
1) It passes TWO stability tests. The first test requires that the piece not tip when all doors are opened 90 degrees and all drawers are opened to the “stop, or, if there is no “stop,” they must be opened two-thirds of the way. The second test requires that the piece not tip when each drawer is opened to the “stop” and a 50-pound weight is gradually applied to the front of the drawer. For doors, the weight is applied to outer edge of the door.
2) The piece must have a permanent warning label attached where it can be seen when the piece is in use. (Most manufacturers choose the inside of a top drawer.)
3) Tip-over restraints must be included with each item of furniture. These must meet the requirements of the tip restraint standard (F3096-14). Instructions for installing the restraints also must be included.
The ASTM Subcommittee on Furniture Safety has jurisdiction over this and three other active ASTM standards for furniture. These include the standard for furniture tip restraints, a standard for horizontal glass used in desks and tables, and a standard for cedar chests.
This section includes links to the most recent news related to furniture tip-over and the voluntary stability standard.
Feds Confirm Seventh Child Death From Ikea Dresser Tip-over
November 5, 2016
After child deaths, feds threaten stricter regulations for dresser manufacturers
October 6, 2016
Judge blasts Ikea for ignoring order in deadly dress lawsuit
September 14, 2016
Ikea needs more transparency in recall, consumer groups say
August 31, 2016
Stronger Furniture Tip-over Standard Urged
Bloomberg/Bureau of National Affairs
August 10, 2016
Citing tip-over risk, Ikea recalls 27 million dressers
July 22, 2016
After tip-over deaths, Casey proposes mandatory safety standards for dressers
June 9, 2016
Commission probes 3rd child IKEA dresser death
April 17, 2016
Casey weighs new law to stem tip-over accidents
February 5, 2016
AHFA offers free tip restraints to consumers
January 13, 2016
Law Protecting Children From Tip-Over Deaths Signed by Cuomo
December 30, 2015
Despite recall, tip-over worries go on
October 12, 2015
Key stakeholders join to address furniture tip-over
August 25, 2015
Ikea offers free anchors after falling drawers kill two
July 22, 2015
Ikea sued over dresser tip-over
May 26, 2015
Links to research, videos and information graphics detailing the tip-over hazard.
B. Walter & Company
Contact: Paul Goyette
Contact: Sheila Gallien
Preliminary Evaluation of Anchoring Furniture & Televisions Without Tools
Report on CPSC staff project to demonstrate the effectiveness of anchoring systems that can be installed without tools or with minimal consumer effort.
TVs – Tipping the Scale to Safety
CPSC staff review of incidents related to falling televisions.
2014 CPSC Tip-Over Report
A CPSC report on injuries and fatalities associated with television, furniture and appliance product instability or tip-over.
The CPSC has posted several videos demonstrating the need for anchoring furniture and televisions.
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission has launched an “Anchor It!” campaign to educate parents and child caregivers about simple steps they can take to help prevent possible television and furniture tip-over accidents.
In support of this campaign, the AHFA developed an information page for consumers on its website. The page invites consumers to contact AHFA for a free set of furniture tip restraints. It also provides helpful links to the CPSC’s Anchor It website.