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ASTM International, a global leader in the development of international voluntary consensus standards, adopted the first furniture stability standard in 2000. It was updated in 2004, 2009, 2014 and again in 2017.
ASTM F2057-17, Standard Safety Specification for Clothing Storage Units, is intended to reduce injury and death from accidents involving clothing storage units. Specifically, it covers drawer chests, cabinets, armoires, dressers and bureaus 30 inches high or taller. The F2057-17 standard and the companion F3096-14 standard for tip restraints are available for purchase from ASTM.
Furniture manufactured in compliance with the stability standard meets three specific criteria:
1) It passes TWO stability tests. The first test requires that the clothing storage unit not tip when all doors (if any) are opened 90 degrees and all drawers are opened to the “stop,” or, if there is no “stop,” they must be opened two-thirds of the way. The second test requires that the piece not tip when each drawer is opened individually to the “stop,” and a 50-pound weight is gradually applied to the front of the drawer. For doors, the weight is applied to outer edge of the door.
3) Tip-over restraints must be included with each item of furniture. These must meet the requirements of the tip restraint standard (F3096-14). Instructions for installing the restraints also must be included.
The ASTM Subcommittee on Furniture Safety (F15.42) has jurisdiction over this and three other active ASTM standards for furniture. These include the standard for furniture tip restraints, a standard for horizontal glass used in desks and tables, and a standard for cedar chests.
This section includes links to the most recent news related to furniture tip-over and the voluntary stability standard.
IKEA Must Recall, Offer Refunds for Dangerous Dresser Model
January 9, 2019
Furniture Anchors Not an Easy Fix, as Child Tip-Over Deaths Persist
November 5, 2018
Furniture Tip-Overs: A Hidden Hazard in Your Home
March 22, 2018
Feds Confirm Seventh Child Death From Ikea Dresser Tip-over
November 5, 2016
After child deaths, feds threaten stricter regulations for dresser manufacturers
October 6, 2016
Judge blasts Ikea for ignoring order in deadly dress lawsuit
September 14, 2016
Ikea needs more transparency in recall, consumer groups say
August 31, 2016
Stronger Furniture Tip-over Standard Urged
Bloomberg/Bureau of National Affairs
August 10, 2016
Citing tip-over risk, Ikea recalls 27 million dressers
July 22, 2016
After tip-over deaths, Casey proposes mandatory safety standards for dressers
June 9, 2016
Commission probes 3rd child IKEA dresser death
April 15, 2016
AHFA offers free tip restraints to consumers
January 13, 2016
Law Protecting Children From Tip-Over Deaths Signed by Cuomo
December 30, 2015
Key stakeholders join to address furniture tip-over
August 25, 2015
Links to research, videos and information graphics detailing the tip-over hazard.
B. Walter & Company
Contact: Paul Goyette
Contact: Sheila Gallien
Understanding CPSC Data on Clothes Storage Unit (CSU) Tip-Overs Involving Children
Adam Suchy, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
October 24, 2018
Advanced Notice of Rulemaking Regarding Clothing Storage Unit Tip Overs
November 21, 2017
The CPSC has posted several videos demonstrating the need for anchoring furniture and televisions.
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission has launched an “Anchor It!” campaign to educate parents and child caregivers about simple steps they can take to help prevent possible television and furniture tip-over accidents.
In support of this campaign, the AHFA developed an information page for consumers on its website. The page invites consumers to contact AHFA for a free set of furniture tip restraints. It also provides helpful links to the CPSC’s Anchor It website.